Appellation of Origin
Appellation of Origin: According to the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB), the Appellation of Origin on the label of a bottle of wine is the name for the place in which the dominant grapes used in the wine are grown. It can be the name of a country, state, county or geographic region called a viticultural area.
A country, state or county appellation on the label means that at least 75 percent of the wine is produced from grapes grown in the place named. In other words, if the front label of a bottle of wine states, Kentucky, at least 75 percent of the wine is produced from grapes grown in Kentucky.
The Ohio River Valley American Viticultural Area (AVA) is currently the only AVA located partially in Kentucky. An AVA is a delimited grape-growing region with specific geographic or climatic features that distinguish it from the surrounding regions and affect how grapes are grown. A bottle of wine with the Ohio River Valley AVA indicates that 85 percent or more of the wine is produced from grapes grown within the Ohio River Valley AVA.